Monday, May 25, 2020

Choose, Chose, and Chosen How to Choose the Right Word

Choose is an irregular verb, with chose as the past form and chosen as the past participle form. The terms are like other irregular verbs that follow a similar pattern, such as break, broke, broken;  steal, stole, stolen; freeze, froze, frozen;  and  speak, spoke, spoken. Understanding when to use choose, chose, and chosen requires knowing how the terms work grammatically. How to Use Choose, Chose, and Chosen The verb choose (which rhymes with news) means to select or decide on something from two or more possibilities. (Dont confuse the  noun  choice  with the  verb  choose.) The simple past form of choose is chose (which rhymes with nose).   The past participle form of choose is chosen (which rhymes with frozen). A helping verb (such as has, have, or had) usually comes before the past participle form chosen. The present participle form of choose is choosing (which rhymes with losing). Examples Seeing how the different forms of the verb are used in context in common language can help clarify when and how to use each. You can use choose, the present tense of the verb, to mean select, as in: You can choose any course in life that your heart desires.Please hurry up and just choose one candy apple. Or you can use the past tense of the verb, chose, again to indicate that someone selected something, for example: She took some time, but she chose a beautiful dress for the church service. Or use the past participle, chosen, such as: She has chosen a simple path in life; she never wanted to stand out or ask for too much. Note how the past participle requires the use of the helping, or auxiliary, verb has preceding it. An auxiliary verb is a verb that determines the  mood,  tense,  voice,  or  aspect  of another verb (in this case chosen) or a verb phrase. You can also use the three words in the same sentence, as in: Last week I chose  all my classes for next semester, but I havent yet chosen a major as its so hard to choose. How to Remember the Difference Tell yourself that choose has chosen to add an o. This mnemonic device also reminds you that chosen, as the past participle, must be preceded by an auxiliary verb. You can extend this device by noting, I choose blue for the present tense, but I chose a rose in the past. Practice Try this brief practice exercise to test your knowledge of choose, chose, and chosen. The greatest weapon against stress is our ability to _____ one thought over another. (Attributed to William James)Youll be introduced to the stylist  and shown racks and racks of clothes. Shes been given your sizes ahead of time and has ____ to ignore them.  (Tina Fey, Bossypants)Last year, she _____ to ignore me, but now I have _____ to ignore her. Answers The greatest weapon against stress is our ability to  choose  one thought over another.Youll be introduced to the stylist  and shown racks and racks of clothes. Shes been given your sizes ahead of time and has  chosen  to ignore them.Last year, she  chose  to ignore me, but now I have  chosen  to ignore her. Sources Choose. Mnemonic Devices Memory Tools.â€Å"Choose vs. Chose: Whats the Difference?†Ã‚  Writing Explained, 27 Sept. 2016.â€Å"Guide to the Scriptures: Choose, Chose, Chosen (verb).†Ã‚  Doctrine and Covenants 8, lds.org.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People by Stephen R....

Stephen R. Covey, the author of â€Å"The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People,† is empowering readers with problem solving tools needed to overcome the routine to the extreme situations of personal and workplace environments. Covey explains simply that you don’t have to be a genius to apply these principles of 7 habits, but you will have to possess balanced dimensions of nature: physical, spiritual, mental, and social/emotional. The ideas explained by Covey start by using the principles of natural laws and using these laws such as fairness, integrity, and honesty to increase your â€Å"circle of influence† which builds off of your proactive energy. This energy depends mainly upon your physical dimension; therefore, if you are having trouble with†¦show more content†¦The author’s idea of thinking win/win moves your development to thinking of others as well as yourself. This school of thought requires a good social/emotional dimension to recognize the needs of others as well as your own. When you have a concrete win/win or no deal mentality all will benefit or there will be no activity. By having a win/win situation you leave the door of relations to be opened on a later day, and you will decrease the chance of a withdrawal by yourself or others. By first seeking to understand a situation, you will be better prepared for the actions you should take. This understanding will need a good social/emotional dimension. If you try and resolve something before fully diagnosing the situation, you may fix a problem that is not in need of fixing. In order to understand a problem you must be attentive to every detail, and you must be sure to not snap to a quick fix. Understanding that all people are different, and using these differences to build strengths and compensate for weaknesses is the essence of synergy. Everyone has strong points as well as weak points. Combining the differences of several individual’s traits can be used to create one individual objective. Figuring out where to put each strength or weakness will require a good social/emotional dimension. By using others’ various strong points you will be able to out-weighShow MoreRelatedThe 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People By Stephen R Covey772 Words   |  4 Pagesâ€Å"The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People†, Stephen R Covey writes about the seven habits that can change your life forever. As the title suggest, he does this by providing the reader with easy to remember statement that when explained, have a very deep meaning behind them. The Habit that this paper is going to focus on is habit 2. The paper will analyses this habit by explaining what it means, ex amples of people who lived with this mindset, what the authors personal experience is. In Stephen R CoveyRead More The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, by Stephen R. Covey612 Words   |  3 Pages In the self-improvement book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, author Stephen R. 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The next step is to set priorities in our life. What things are important and what things can wait. We also learn how to achieve compromise that is satisfactory to all parties involved in daily activities. The author teaches us how to practiceRead MoreIn One’S Life Everyone Wants To Become A Leader In At Least1543 Words   |  7 PagesDowning and The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People by Stephen Covey they continue to stress using effective communication and learning so you can become a leader in your home, workplace, and community. They have many ideas on how to help you with concept, but there are four specific ideas that I believe effect this leadership concept the most. I do believe that the most effective way to help become a leader in On Course by Skip Downin g and The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People is self esteemRead MoreThe 7 Habits Of Highly Effective People1239 Words   |  5 PagesAfter reading both Stephen R. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Christmas Concert Review - 544 Words

General reaction: The concert I attended was SPX Magic of Christmas, performed by the Charlotte Symphony orchestra and conducted by Albert-George Schram. This was the first professional orchestra concert I have attended, and the first since I was a student at UNC Greensboro. As I walked the streets of downtown Charlotte, with the wind peppering my face and small beads of rain being tossed through the air, I felt a sensation that Christmas was closer than two weeks away. I felt like Christmas was inside the symphony hall, and I made my way up the steps of the Blumenthal Performing Arts Center into the Belk Theater, I was greeted by the warm sounds of brass, wind, and percussion. I was astounded by the sounds and the visual aspects of the performance. Caroline Calouche and Company performed on aerial silks and trapeze, and it really enhanced the performance, giving it a broader appeal. Composition I liked best: The piece I enjoyed the most was Highland Cathedral by Ulrich Roever Michael Korb (spelled Korts in the program), arrangement by Kuzma and Mills. The melody was composed in 1982 for a Highland games held in Germany. It was performed in concert by the Loch Norman Pipe Band Trio, and accompanied by the Charlotte Symphony Orchestra. The piece is similar to the gospel standard Amazing Grace, as the scales and key are similar. Though I found it peculiar to hear bagpipes performed at a Christmas concert, I was absolutely blown away by the combination of the bagpipesShow MoreRelatedI Attended Wheaton s Christmas Festival830 Words   |  4 PagesFor this extra credit concert review, I attended Wheaton’s Christmas Festival. I was going anyway and thought I would write a review for it to get some kind of credit. 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The visual of the concert I have to say personally was amazing and impressive, it had a big Christmas tree in the back and backgroundRead MoreMusic And Music : Carol Of The Bells1699 Words   |  7 PagesThis concert was a series of performances by the Limestone College and Community Chorus, as well as a couple of performances by the Limestone College Vocal Ensem ble. This is a review of the first half of the concert, which featured performances from the Limestone College and Community Chorus. Carol of the Bells (Ukrainian Carol) by Mykolo Leontovich (1877-1921) Carol of the Bells is a Christmas carol with a unique history. 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In order to motivate and convince people to attend a concert, joint performance might be an innovative pattern to cater for and gain more audience. Compared with the regular performances of music series showed by most of the orchestras, joint performance means that the orchestraRead MoreBrian Stokes Mitchell987 Words   |  4 PagesJune 5, 2005 Mitchell appeared in Rodgers and Hammerstein concert version of South Pacific at Carnegie Hall. Mitchell has been nominated for 4 Tonies and won 1. He was nominated for Best Actor in a Musical for Man of La Mancha, Best Actor in a Play for King Hedley II, Best Actor in a Musical for Kiss Me Kate, and Ragtime. He released a solo CD on June 6, 2006. In 2011 Mitchell came back to Broadway after a 7 years absence do to concerts and film appearances. 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At the Christmas in Washington event, Justin Bieber performed for the U.S. President, Barack Obama and his wife, Michelle Obama. He sang ‘Someday at Christmas’, by Stevie Wonder. A few weeks following this event, Justin Bieber was one of the guests on Dick Clark’s New Year’s Rockin’ Eve with Ryan Secrest. Bieber was also chosen to

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Audit Engagement Planning

Question: Discuss about the Audit Engagement Planning. Answer: 1. The steps that need to be considered before doing an audit is accepting the engagement of audit, planning the audit, performance the audit tests and reporting the findings. The auditor should consider the revenue, net book value, assets, liabilities, expense and other items of the financial statements. The documents should be arranged and evaluated such as previous reports of audit, ledger, receipts and bank statements. In order to plan for the audit, it is important to determine the information the contained in the documents and then planning how the audit should be conducted (Abbott, Parker and Peters, 2010). The auditor can gather information from an open meeting and then finalizing the audit plan. The tests of the auditors should comply with the accounting processes and procedures and internal control will help to evaluate that the procedure is adequate and appropriate. The auditor should consider the details of the findings of audit and the report includes posting issues, pay ments, mathematical errors and other concerns of audit. The auditor should evaluate the audit risks and assessing the performance of the audit. The processes of audit are similar for engagements and consist of four stages: planning, field work, audit report and the follow up review. The key objectives of audit process to minimize time and avoiding the disruption of ongoing activities (Buys, 2014). The revenue of the company shows $30 billion that ought to be comprised by the auditor in their financial statements, net present value of the property, plant and equipment is around $16.5 billion of AUD and other $ 5 billion AUD that would be desired in excess of after that seven years. All the values of items should be considered into the financial reports. The auditors should gather information on the processes, evaluating the existing controls and planning the remaining steps of audit. The auditors should gather the information and data in order to acquire the general review of the ope rations (Catty, 2012). The audit program will help to achieve the objectives of audit. The auditors play an important role in the preparation of the audit reports in the given fiscal year. 2. The inherent risk is the material misstatement risk in the financial statements that arises due to the omission and errors as the result of the factor other than failure of the controls. It is considered to be to be the higher where high degree of estimation and judgment is involved and where the transactions of the organization are complex highly. The control risks are risk of the material misstatement that arises in the financial statements due to the failure or absence of the control of the organization. Therefore, it is important for the organization to have internal controls in order to detect and prevent error or fraud (Chorafas, 2006). The control risks are high where an audit firm does have an adequate internal control in order to detect and prevent errors and fraud in the financial statements. The assessment of the control risk can be higher if a small organization in which the segregation of the duties are not define and financial statements that are prepared by an audit or who do not have adequate knowledge of finance and accounting. The detection risks are the risk that an auditor fails to detect the material misstatements in the financial statements. Therefore, it is important for the auditors to detect and prevent the material misstatements in financial statements of the company due to the error or fraud. The omission or misapplication of audit procedures can result in the material misstatement that remain undetected by auditors. The detection of risk is present sometimes dues to the limitation of audit (Henriques and Richardson, 2004). The detection of risks can be reduced or controlled by the auditors by increasing the sampled number of transactions for the detailed testing. The inherent risks of KGC limited in the PNG are around 80% and detection risk and control risk is around 50% and 10%. Therefore, the audit firm can accept the role of doing the audit of KGC limited in the PNG. The audit risk model can be used by auditors in order to manag e the risk of the audit engagement. The auditors should examine the control and inherent risks in order to reduce the risk of audit (Horngren and Harrison, 2007). The implementation of strategies will help to detect risk and control the risks within the organization. 3. The auditors should prepare the plan after selection of junior and senior staff allocating the tasks to them. The auditor includes all the procedure in the written form, the objectives of each department and the directions that to be given to staffs that helps to control the work and implementing programs into actions (Kessler, 2013). The audit program refers to detailed plan of work that includes the work time and procedure to do the work. The audit program includes the following procedures: The audit program shows the procedures of audit The audit program measures the time to complete the task of audit The staff members prepare the audit program on the basis of the nature of the business The general accepted points are to be included in audit program The audit program helps to control and guide the junior staffs. The points that should be included in the audit program are as follows: Detailed information of the works like cash/bank book, sales book, purchase book etc. The auditors prepares the audit programs considering the nature of the client The list of the assigned work should be prepared by auditor The audit program must fix the period of time in order to complete the tasks The assistant must sign after completion of job The items that are mentioned above are as follows:- The revenues seem to be $30 billion AUD and the other $5 billion AUD for the next seven years for the purpose of the creation of the ore preserves. The NBV cost of the PPE is the $16.5 billion AUD and the other $5 billion AUD is required for the creation of h values for the next seven years. There lay no prospects regarding the supplementary funds of the ores and thus it also helps in the creation of the current license. Thus it also helps in expiring the PNG government in order to expire the mines in the regions for the various eight years (Kortleve, Nijman and Ponds, 2006). The KGC limited consists of the full time employees of about 3,400 full time employees that seem to be very much exciting in nature and thus it also facilitates the PNG citizens to be employed and also can create their residents in the star mountains. The labor participation range is seemed to be 32 % and the unemployment rate is seemed to be 45% and thus the labor participation is not interested in the field of the working in the process of the mining of the ores. The KGC carries out the PNG operations with dealing with the land owners of the area and thus it is able to establish the mining operations which seem to be paid $4 billion for the royal ties and thus the operations can be carried with the proper establishment of the graded schools, hospitals, water processing plants and the health design centers in the mountains (Larrn Jorge, Andrades Pea and Muriel de los Reyes, 2015). 4. The fair market cost of the PPE should be presented in the financial statements. The auditor should estimate the fair value of the assets on the basis of amount received from the sale of the assets in the transaction amid the market participants at amount date. Therefore, to measure the fair value of PPE an auditor should take into account the main characteristics of liability or assets and assuming that the assets is exchanged in the transaction at measurement under the market condition (Lehane, Fabiani and Guttentag, 2012). The auditor should use the valuation techniques and methods in order to measure the fair value of PPE. The main concern is to evaluate the fair market value of the assets. The financial statements should includes the liabilities and assets that to be measured at fair value on non recurring or recurring basis in financial position statement subsequent to the preliminary gratitude, the inputs and the estimation techniques that should be used. 5. The future that can be focused is the environmental aspects that are created for the determination of the aspects for the proper creation of the settings in the star mountains and thus due to the ore mining process, all the sludge with the proper processing and pipe lined to the sea water. Due to this the creation of the pollution takes place and hence, due to this the health issues arise (Ma, Masters and Mancinelli, 2015). The water gets contaminated and environmental groups of Australia have concluded that the sludge is polluting the waters and hence the waters are also getting contaminated. This leads to the several health issues. Thus the future prospects determine the issues and also the company KGC limited ties to mitigate the issues for the future safety creation and the proper development of the safety in the environment. The future prospects also enhances the future safety and the enhancement that helps the company KGC limited to develop and also helps in the creation of the more values in the market. The employment increment also determines the increment of the production processing of the ores for the creation of the increment of the product and thus it also enhances the events and the circumstances that can be enhanced for the future prospects of life line of the company KGC limited (Machado, 2014). The costs are also decided for the remediating of the sludge spills and thus, it also helps in the creation of the safety environment with the proper processing of the operations for KGC limited. 6. The triple bottom line theory can be described as the reporting system that is utilized by Karrick Gold and Copper Limited. This is a business accounting strategy that is implemented in order to promote the information which is to be provided to the stockholders of the company. The triple bottom line is a theory that is dissimilar from the traditional accounting systems. With the triple bottom line theory, the influence of the organization on the surroundings is determined. There are primarily three principles of triple bottom theory (Masters-Stout, Costigan and Lovata, 2008). These are individuals, plant and benefit. This can be explained as the intentional push to financial, ecological and social contemplation in the organizations assessment and fundamental leadership form. This type of reporting assists in building up a standard buy that a firm needs to work to focus on the average effect of their activities in case of both positive and negative sense inside the company (McCamb ridge, 2015). The KGC Ltds triple bottom procession concentrates on the interest of the societal and the ecological contention among the group of companies. At the time of resuming data on KGC Ltd Company influence an issue that is impacting the supportability. There will probabilities of the development of both positive and negative matters. The reporting of triple bottom line is consolidated signifying the fact that the business is continuing in best ways beside the range of requirement is altered. Reporting the specific lines illustrate a drive towards extended and straight forwardness which can be medium by models of shrouded information. Because Karrick Gold and Copper is applying triple bottom line theory that is includes extra reporting, the organization needs to mingle excess data in the reports which are better presented to the partners (McKee, Garner and McKee, 2002). The specific data should necessarily be reassessed repeatedly in the attempt to assure the fact that the e xtra representative needs to have extra binding techniques after taking the end goal into consideration. 7. KGC Ltd is hoping to raise fun of $ 5 billion AUD by issuing share, which help the company to minimizing the risks of investment as the company want to share its obligation among the shareholder of the company and for this the company is agreed to share the profit of the company also among the shareholders (Metrejean and Noland, 2011). In order to raise fund from the investors and shareholders the management of the KGC Ltd specified that the companys PNG operation is the key asset of the company as well as the management described that the operation in PNG is very low risk and the company permanently will do the business operation over there in PNG. Now it can be observed that the operation of PNG is really a low cost profitable operation as there are plenty of human resources available there in much lower remuneration and human resources is the key aspects of the business operation (Milburn, 2008). Moreover, the skilled workforce with lower remuneration provide additional benefit s to the company, which lowering the costing of the operation and improve the profitability of the company thus ensure better return to the investors and shareholders of the company. The PNG operation is the key operation of the company (Raiborn and Watson, 2003). Moreover, from the operation the company earn substantial amount of money and the share of the company is lucrative for the investors and shareholders. However, it is also seen that the political condition of the PNG is not stable which is most essential for doing business operation as the unstable political situation of a country can hamper the busters operation within the country (Stittle and Wearing, 2008). Besides this, it is also observed that the operation al activities of the KGC in PNG is doubtful as there are several environmental and social organization claim that the business organization is performing their business activities in most irresponsible way and raise protest against the company because it is observe d that in a modern fall down of a tailings pool deserted 5 million liters of ore-waste slush into a river from which two neighboring villages draw their consumption water, fish, hunt, harvest lotus root and water their taro root, yam and cassava crops (Smith, 2011). Generally the ore waste of the company use to be flushed into the ocean and for this several environmentalist protest against KGC that the company spoils the environmental balance and doing irresponsible activities in order to perform business activities. All these are goes against the company and the company is in a fuss, moreover, the company states that the PNG is their key asset however, after eight years the contract of extracting ore from the PNG mining will be expired and PNG cannot find any other option and its ore storage is also limited also will end in next seven years thus in this context investing in the share of KGC will not be a wise option and it has several risk thus investors should not invest in the sh are of KGC (Smith, 2011). References Abbott, L., Parker, S. and Peters, G. (2010). Serving Two Masters: The Association between Audit Committee Internal Audit Oversight and Internal Audit Activities.Accounting Horizons, 24(1), pp.1-24. Buys, L. (2014).A triple bottom line planning tool for measuring sustainability. Oxford, UK: Chartridge Books Oxford. Catty, J. (2012).The Professional's Guide to Fair Value. Hoboken: John Wiley Sons. Chorafas, D. (2006).IFRS, fair value and corporate governance. Oxford: Elsevier. Henriques, A. and Richardson, J. (2004).The triple bottom line, does it all add up?. London: Earthscan. Horngren, C. and Harrison, W. (2007).Accounting. Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson/Prentice Hall. Kessler, E. (2013).Encyclopedia of management theory. Thousand Oaks, Calif.: SAGE. Kortleve, N., Nijman, T. and Ponds, E. (2006).Fair value and pension fund management. Amsterdam: Elsevier. Larrn Jorge, M., Andrades Pea, F. and Muriel de los Reyes, M. (2015). Factors Influencing the Presence of Ethics and CSR Stand-alone Courses in the Accounting Masters Curricula: An International Study.Accounting Education, 24(5), pp.361-382. Lehane, C., Fabiani, M. and Guttentag, W. (2012).Masters of disaster. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. Ma, Z., Masters, G. and Mancinelli, N. (2015). Two-dimensional global Rayleigh wave attenuation model by accounting for finite-frequency focusing and defocusing effect.Geophys. J. Int., 204(1), pp.631-649. Machado, M. (2014). Reliability In Fair Value Of Assets Without An Active Market.ASAA, pp.319-338. Masters-Stout, B., Costigan, M. and Lovata, L. (2008). Goodwill impairments and chief executive officer tenure.Critical Perspectives on Accounting, 19(8), pp.1370-1383. McCambridge, J. (2015). Accounting for the masters of deception.Addiction, 110(7), pp.1072-1073. McKee, D., Garner, D. and McKee, Y. (2002).Crisis, recovery, and the role of accounting firms in the Pacific Basin. Westport, Conn.: Quorum Books. Metrejean, E. and Noland, T. (2011). An Analysis of CPA Firm Recruiters Perceptions of Online Masters of Accounting Degrees.Journal of Education for Business, 86(1), pp.25-30. Milburn, J. (2008). The Relationship between Fair Value, Market Value, and Efficient Markets.Accounting Perspectives, 7(4), pp.293-316. Raiborn, C. and Watson, S. (2003).Survey of accounting. Hoboken, N.J.: J. Wiley. Smith, M. (2011).Research methods in accounting. Los Angeles: SAGE. Stittle, J. and Wearing, B. (2008).Financial accounting. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications.

Friday, April 10, 2020

Woman, It Is Thy Badge Of Shame! (107). Governor Bellingham Was Descri

"Woman, it is thy badge of shame!" (107). Governor Bellingham was describing the scarlet letter to Hester while they were discussing if the punishments that Hester had to go through were adequate enough for the crime. Hester was living in the outskirts of the city in a small abandoned cottage for several years with the only thing that had any monetary value in her life, her child and the product of committing adultery, Pearl. She and her little Pearl were shunned from the community for her acts. In the Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne, Hester is punished in more than one way, and she is able to deal with it openly so the community will, over time, forgive her. The most obvious subject of punishment that Hester had to cope with is wearing the scarlet letter. "By the point which drew all eyes and, as it were, transfigured the wearer. . . was the scarlet letter, so fantastically embroidered and illuminated upon her bosom" (51-52). Hester wrought the scarlet letter before she stood on the scaffold. When Pearl asks her why she wears the letter she replies that she wears it for its gold thread. Hester wears the letter for many years, even after the people in the community care anymore, so that she will be fully forgiven for her sin. In the beginning of the story, Hester is faced with serving the temporary part of her sentence, standing on the scaffold in front of the whole town. "It was a circumstance to be noted, on the summer morning when our story begins its course, that the women of whom there were several in the crowd, appeared to take a peculiar interest in whatever penal infliction might be expected to ensue" (48). The citizens of the town had gathered to criticize Hester as she stood on the scaffold, and many of the town's women were discussing the simplicity of Hester's sentence, since the usual punishment for committing adultery is the death penalty. Although she had to put up with the remarks about her for three hours while she was standing on the scaffold, the ridicule followed for many years to come. Hester and her daughter were thought upon as sinners long after Hester had served her sentence. Hester was not accepted by the community because of her sins. She was forced to live in an abandoned cottage on the edge of the city. "Hester Prynne, therefore, did not flee. On the outskirts of town, within the verge of the peninsula, but not in close vicinity to any other habitation, there was a small thatched cottage. It had been built by an earlier settler, and abandoned because the soil about it was too sterile for cultivation. . ." (77-78). Hester and her little Pearl not only lived in the little cottage, they spent most of their time there, only going into town for important things like food and supplies. The community basically shunned Hester and Pearl from the town and made it clear to them that they were not wanted inside the city. Hester went through a lot of punishment for her sins. She was able to deal with it openly, like wearing the scarlet letter and standing on the scaffold, and some she dealt with without showing any remorse. She was brave to live on the edge of the city and not to flee to another city or even another country. She also kept things inside, like the father of her child and her husband that seemingly deserted her. Overall, she is a brave soul and in some ways, is a role model to the rest of the people in the community.

Monday, March 9, 2020

Biofilms essays

Biofilms essays What is a Biofilm?You may not be familiar with the term "biofilm" but you have certainly encountered biofilm on a regular basis. The plaque that forms on your teeth and causes tooth decay is a type of bacterial biofilm. The "gunk" that clogs your drains is also biofilm. If you have ever walked in a stream or river, you may have slipped on the biofilm-coated rocks. Biofilms are defined as 3-dimensional highly structured architecture of microcolony formed by populations of micro-organisms (prokaryotic and eukaryotic unicellular organisms) that are attached to an environmental surface. I would like to make a note however: experts who deal with Biofilms sometimes consider these formations as a double-edged sword. There are many profitable applications of these unique structures; although they are responsible for a range of disastrous effects on the environment, human health and various industries. As the same corrosive effects of biofilms, are used in advantageous applications of various industries. These various applications will be discussed later on throughout our presentation. You will be surprised to know that the majority of microorganisms in nature aggregate into Biofilms. Which strengthens the community as a whole and improves the rate of survival for each individual microorganism. In order for biofilms to form, there are minimal conditions to be met. The most important of which is water, moisture is essential for Biofilms. Aggregations of microorganisms can only come together in a watery environment. This increases their diffusion gradient, and absorbance of nutrients. There are other requirements such as light, depending on the organism. These conditions if met encourage the growth of a variety of bacteria and unicellular eukaryotes. These microbial communities usually encase themselves in an extracellular polysaccharide substance or EPS in which they themselves synthesise. The integration of variou...

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Nursing Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Nursing - Research Paper Example Insanity, craziness or madness is a pattern of behaviors which makes people a danger to themselves and others. â€Å"Dorothea Dix played an instrumental role in the founding or expansion of more than 30 hospitals for the treatment of the mentally ill† (I Tell What I Have Seen—The Reports of Asylum Reformer Dorothea Dix, p.624). This paper briefly analyses the history of Dorothea Lynde Dix and her contributions to the society as a social reformer and a dedicated nurse. Dorothea Linde Dix was born on April 4, 1802 in Hampden, Maine. Today the land where Dix’s house stood is called the Dorothea Dix Park (Colman, p.12). When Dorothea was born, Thomas Jefferson was American president and only 16 states were there in America. Maine was not a state at that time. She was grown up first in Worcester, Massachusetts, and then went to Boston at the age of twelve, in order to stay with wealthy grandmother. The major purpose of her journey towards Boston was to escape from her alcoholic and abusive father. Joseph Dix was her father and Mary Bigelow was her mother. The Dix family had two other children also, born after Dorothea. Dorothea’s social activities started at the age of 19. ... She published a small book of facts for schoolteachers during this period which became extremely popular. â€Å"By the time of the Civil War, Conversations on Common Things; or, Guide to Knowledge: With Questions had been reprinted 60 times† (I Tell What I Have Seen—The Reports of Asylum Reformer Dorothea Dix, p.624). This book was written as a conversation between a mother and daughter and she tried to criticize the discrimination in giving education to men and women. Dix failed to get proper education because of the social discrimination existed during her period with respect to the education of the men and women. Only the male community got better education during her period. She has restarted her educational activities in 1831 and opened another model school for the girls. However, she could not continue her activities because of the failure of her health again. She suffered a mental illness during this period and her ill health ended her teaching career which motiv ated her to look for other options of social activities. She went to England in 1836 for better treatment and this journey has shaped her career as a dedicated social reformer. â€Å"Dorothea’s growth and development from a teacher of young ladies to the Samaritan of the mentally afflicted is a fascinating story†(Dorothea Dix, Forgotten Samaritan, p.1441). In England, she got company of a family (William Rathbone family) which engaged in political and social reformation process. Moreover, â€Å"she met prison reformer Elizabeth Fry, and Samuel Tuke, founder of the York Retreat for the mentally ill during this period. (I Tell What I Have Seen—The Reports of Asylum Reformer Dorothea Dix, p.624). Her grandmother’s death